C0026769 - An autoimmune demyelinating disease characterized by a relapsing-remitting or progressive pattern of central nervous system impairment. 4/10
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CUI    C0026769
BasqueICPC Basque N86 L1518380preferred S1814289 Y ESKLEROSIA PLAKAN
CzechMedical Subject Headings Czech D009103 L6757547preferred S7888525 Y roztroušená skleróza
CzechMedical Subject Headings Czech D009103 L11407329no S14175157 Y roztroušená skleróza mozkomíšní
CzechMedical Subject Headings Czech D009103 L6769844no S7888784 Y sclerosis multiplex
CzechMedDRA Czech 10013451 L8049218no S10116728 N Roztroušená skleróza
CzechMedDRA Czech 10039720 L8049218no S10116728 Y Roztroušená skleróza
CzechMedDRA Czech 10028053 L8056547no S10114816 Y RS
CzechMedDRA Czech 10028245 L8064548no S10117983 N Skleróza multiplex
CzechMedDRA Czech 10028245 L8064548no S10117983 Y Skleróza multiplex
DanishICPC Danish N86 L1247159preferred S1489105 Y Dissemineret sklerose
DutchMedDRA Dutch 10028053 L2066291preferred S2404513 N MS
DutchMedical Subject Headings Dutch D009103 L2066291preferred S2404513 Y MS
DutchICPC Dutch N86 L1277154no S1519100 N Multipele sclerose
Dutch(ICD10DUT) ICD10, Dutch Translation G35 L1277154no S1519100 Y Multipele sclerose
DutchICPC2E Dutch N86 L2068082no S2406304 N Multiple sclerose
DutchMedical Subject Headings Dutch D009103 L2068082no S2406304 Y Multiple sclerose
DutchMedical Subject Headings Dutch D009103 L2075072no S2413294 Y Sclerose, gedissemineerde
DutchMedical Subject Headings Dutch D009103 L2075075no S2413297 Y Sclerose, multiple
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU015683 L3650327no S4333562 Y cerebrospinaal; sclerose
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU030815 L3663463no S4346698 Y gedissemineerd; sclerose
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU039733 L3671027no S4354262 Y insula; sclerose
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU066586 L3694040no S4377275 Y sclerose; cerebrospinaal
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU066602 L3694054no S4377289 Y sclerose; gedissemineerd
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU066631 L3694080no S4377315 Y sclerose; insula
DutchICPC2-ICD10ENG Thesaurus Dutch MTHU066647 L3694094no S4377330 Y sclerose; multipel
DutchMedDRA Dutch 10013451 L4976919no S5664424 Y gedissemineerde sclerose
DutchMedDRA Dutch 10028245 L4990418no S5677927 N multipele sclerose
DutchMedDRA Dutch 10028245 L4990418no S5677927 Y multipele sclerose
DutchMedDRA Dutch 10039720 L5002341no S5689845 Y sclerose multipel
EnglishMedical Subject Headings D009103 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
English(NDFRT) National Drug File - Reference Terminology N0000002052 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
EnglishMEDLINEPLUS 83 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
EnglishNCI Thesaurus OMFAQ L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
EnglishLOINC LA14298-6 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
EnglishNCI National Institute of Child Health and Human Development C3243 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
English(PSY) Psychological Index Terms 32490 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
EnglishNCI Thesaurus C3243 L0026769preferred S0064100 N Multiple Sclerosis
English(MTH) Metathesaurus Names U002090 L0026769preferred S0064100 Y Multiple Sclerosis
English(DXP) DXplain U001715 L0026769preferred S0223890 Y SCLEROSIS, MULTIPLE
English(CST) COSTART SCLEROSIS MULT L0026769preferred S0401392 Y SCLEROSIS MULTIPLE
EnglishMedDRA 10039720 L0026769preferred S1644708 Y Sclerosis multiple
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU066647 L0026769preferred S4120765 Y sclerosis; multiple
English(CCPSS) Clinical Problem Statements 0037395 L0026769preferred S0386349 N MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
English(QMR) Quick Medical Reference R0121686 L0026769preferred S0386349 N MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
English(CST) COSTART SCLEROSIS MULT L0026769preferred S0386349 Y MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
English(CCS) Clinical Classifications Software 6.2.2 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
English(CCS) Clinical Classifications Software 80 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICD10 G35 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICD10AM G35 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICPC N86 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICPC2P N86001 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishLibrary of Congress Subject Headings U003054 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishMedDRA 10028245 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
English(RCD) Read Codes F20.. L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMED D-8871 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICD10CM G35 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishLOINC MTHU020805 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishLibrary of Congress Subject Headings_NW sh85088374 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishMedDRA 10028245 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishNANDA-I 02930 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishCCS_10 80 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICPC2EENG N86 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishICD9CM 340 L0026769preferred S0388500 N Multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 24700007 L0026769preferred S0388500 Y Multiple sclerosis
English(AOD) Alcohol and Other Drug Thesaurus 0000006106 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
English(BI) Beth Israel Problem List BI00548 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
English(CPTSP) CRISP Thesaurus 2042-2324 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
EnglishNCI NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms CDR0000044135 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU050660 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
EnglishICPC2P N86001 L0026769preferred S0422279 N multiple sclerosis
EnglishMEDCIN 32022 L0026769preferred S0422279 Y multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMED Intl DA-25010 L0026769preferred S0497957 Y Multiple sclerosis, NOS
EnglishICD10CM G35 L0026769preferred S0691429 Y Multiple sclerosis NOS
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0026769preferred S11915841 Y multiples sclerosis
EnglishMedical Subject Headings D009103 L0026769preferred S0403472 Y Sclerosis, Multiple
English(NDFRT) National Drug File - Reference Terminology N0000002052 L0036431no S0084455 N Sclerosis, Disseminated
EnglishMedical Subject Headings D009103 L0036431no S0084455 Y Sclerosis, Disseminated
English(RCD) Read Codes F20.. L0036431no S0003989 N Disseminated sclerosis
EnglishSNOMED D-8871 L0036431no S0003989 N Disseminated sclerosis
EnglishMedDRA 10013451 L0036431no S0003989 N Disseminated sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 24700007 L0036431no S0003989 Y Disseminated sclerosis
English(CPTSP) CRISP Thesaurus 2042-2324 L0036431no S1345973 N disseminated sclerosis
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0036431no S1345973 N disseminated sclerosis
EnglishICPC2P N86002 L0036431no S1345973 Y disseminated sclerosis
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU030815 L0036431no S4075561 Y disseminated; sclerosis
English(DXP) DXplain NOCODE L0036431no S0401394 Y SCLEROSIS, DISSEMINATED
EnglishICPC2P N86002 L0036431no S1914995 Y Sclerosis;disseminated
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU066602 L0036431no S4120739 Y sclerosis; disseminated
EnglishMedical Subject Headings D009103 L0036431no S0367842 Y Disseminated Sclerosis
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU066631 L0308482no S4120747 Y sclerosis; insular
English(DXP) DXplain NOCODE L0308482no S0401395 Y SCLEROSIS, INSULAR
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0308482no S1347373 N insular sclerosis
English(CPTSP) CRISP Thesaurus 2042-2324 L0308482no S1347373 Y insular sclerosis
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU039733 L0308482no S4095062 Y insular; sclerosis
EnglishSNOMED Intl DA-25010 L0395175no S0487251 N Generalized multiple sclerosis
EnglishICD10CM G35 L0395175no S0487251 N Generalized multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 192928003 L0395175no S0487251 Y Generalized multiple sclerosis
EnglishMEDCIN 273834 L0395175no S9086302 Y generalized multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 192928003 L0395175no S0651985 Y Generalised multiple sclerosis
English(RCD) Read Codes F20.. L0556187no S0628136 N DS - Disseminated sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 24700007 L0556187no S0628136 Y DS - Disseminated sclerosis
English(NDFRT) National Drug File - Reference Terminology N0000002052 L0597071no S1691535 N MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
EnglishMedical Subject Headings D009103 L0597071no S1691535 Y MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0597071no S11915824 Y multiple sclerosis (MS)
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0597071no S11915825 Y multiple sclerosis MS
EnglishLOINC LA17769-3 L0597071no S14564684 Y Multiple sclerosis - MS
English(RCD) Read Codes F20.. L0597071no S0681060 N MS - Multiple sclerosis
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 24700007 L0597071no S0681060 Y MS - Multiple sclerosis
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L0597071no S11842911 Y MS multiple sclerosis
English(CCPSS) Clinical Problem Statements 0056346 L1223762no S0386224 N MS
English(CPTSP) CRISP Thesaurus 2042-2324 L1223762no S0386224 N MS
English(DXP) DXplain NOCODE L1223762no S0386224 N MS
EnglishCHV 0000008328 L1223762no S0386224 N MS
EnglishMEDLINEPLUS 83 L1223762no S0386224 N MS
EnglishMEDLINEPLUS 83 L1223762no S0386224 N MS
EnglishMedDRA 10028053 L1223762no S0386224 Y MS
English(BI) Beth Israel Problem List BI00548 L1223762no S1088529 Y ms
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 192928003 L3013016no S3333358 Y Generalized multiple sclerosis (disorder)
EnglishSNOMEDCT_US 24700007 L3023349no S3423089 Y Multiple sclerosis (disorder)
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU066586 L3526762no S4120726 Y sclerosis; cerebrospinal
EnglishICPC2ICD10ENG MTHU015683 L3526762no S4062993 Y cerebrospinal; sclerosis
EnglishMEDCIN 32022 L7162999no S8428948 Y multiple sclerosis (diagnosis)
EnglishMEDCIN 273834 L7314437no S9086301 Y generalized multiple sclerosis (diagnosis)
English(NDFRT) National Drug File - Reference Terminology N0000002052 L7669460no S8887228 Y Multiple Sclerosis [Disease/Finding]
FinnishMedical Subject Headings Finnish D009103 L6199262preferred S7113423 Y Pesäkekovettumatauti
FinnishICPC Finnish N86 L1273485no S1515431 Y MULTIPPELISKLEROOSI
FrenchMedDRA French 10028245 L3272441preferred S3800803 N Sclérose en plaques
FrenchMedDRA French 10028245 L3272441preferred S3800803 N Sclérose en plaques
FrenchMedical Subject Headings French D009103 L3272441preferred S3800803 Y Sclérose en plaques
FrenchMedDRA French 10028053 L11671740no S14485481 Y SEP (sclérose en plaque)
FrenchMedDRA French 10039720 L11671887no S14485498 Y Sclérose en plaque
FrenchICPC French N86 L1296990no S1538936 Y Sclerose en plaques
FrenchMedical Subject Headings French D009103 L5715867no S6548904 Y SEP (Sclérose En Plaques)
FrenchMedDRA French 10013451 L5715958no S6548995 N Sclérose disséminée
FrenchMedical Subject Headings French D009103 L5715958no S6548995 Y Sclérose disséminée
GermanICPC German N86 L1277178preferred S1519124 N Multiple Sklerose
GermanMedDRA German 10028245 L1277178preferred S1519124 N Multiple Sklerose
GermanMedDRA German 10028245 L1277178preferred S1519124 N Multiple Sklerose
GermanMedical Subject Headings German D009103 L1277178preferred S1519124 Y Multiple Sklerose
GermanMedical Subject Headings German D009103 L1250066no S1492012 Y Encephalomyelitis disseminata
German(DMDICD10) ICD-10 German G35 L1277177no S1519123 Y Multiple Sklerose [Encephalomyelitis disseminata]
GermanMedical Subject Headings German D009103 L1298314no S1540260 Y Sklerose, disseminierende
GermanMedical Subject Headings German D009103 L1531234no S1827143 Y MS (Multiple Sklerose)
GermanMedDRA German 10028053 L5946774no S6829206 N MS
GermanMedDRA German 10039720 L5953128no S6835558 Y Sklerose multiple
GermanMedDRA German 10013451 L5961118no S6843548 Y disseminierte Sklerose
HungarianMedDRA Hungarian 10039720 L10022567preferred S12560657 N Sclerosis multiplex
HungarianMedDRA Hungarian 10028245 L10022567preferred S12560657 N Sclerosis multiplex
HungarianMedDRA Hungarian 10028053 L10022567preferred S12560657 N Sclerosis multiplex
HungarianMedDRA Hungarian 10013451 L10022567preferred S12560657 N Sclerosis multiplex
HungarianMedDRA Hungarian 10028245 L10022567preferred S12560657 Y Sclerosis multiplex
HungarianICPC Hungarian N86 L1314226no S1556172 Y sclerosis multiplex
ItalianMedDRA Italian 10028245 L1296993preferred S1538939 N Sclerosi multipla
ItalianICPC Italian N86 L1296993preferred S1538939 N Sclerosi multipla
ItalianMedDRA Italian 10028245 L1296993preferred S1538939 N Sclerosi multipla
ItalianMedDRA Italian 10039720 L1296993preferred S1538939 N Sclerosi multipla
ItalianMedDRA Italian 10028053 L1296993preferred S1538939 N Sclerosi multipla
ItalianMedical Subject Headings Italian D009103 L1296993preferred S1538939 Y Sclerosi multipla
ItalianMedDRA Italian 10013451 L6017566no S6899996 N Sclerosi disseminata
ItalianMedical Subject Headings Italian D009103 L6017566no S6899996 Y Sclerosi disseminata
ItalianMedical Subject Headings Italian D009103 L6963215no S8101824 Y MS (Sclerosi multipla)
JapaneseMedDRA Japanese 10028245 L3468501preferred S3995995 N 多発性硬化症
JapaneseMedDRA Japanese 10028245 L3468501preferred S3995995 N 多発性硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L3468501preferred S3995995 Y 多発性硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L3468500no S3995994 Y 多発性硬化
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L3473127no S4000621 Y 散在性硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L3473129no S4000623 Y 散在性脳脊髄硬化症
JapaneseMedDRA Japanese 10028245 L6270127no S7213797 N タハツセイコウカショウ
JapaneseMedDRA Japanese 10028245 L6270127no S7213797 Y タハツセイコウカショウ
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L7992311no S10055762 Y 多発硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L7992430no S10056588 Y 島性硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L7996627no S10056594 Y 巣状硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L8001474no S10060447 Y 病巣性硬化症
JapaneseMedical Subject Headings Japanese D009103 L8018484no S10061385 Y 硬化症-散在性脳脊髄
KoreanKCD5 G35 L8512506preferred S10595815 Y 다발 경화증
NorwegianMSHNOR D009103 L10406733preferred S12987113 Y Multippel sklerose
NorwegianMSHNOR D009103 L10409023no S12986226 Y MS
NorwegianMSHNOR D009103 L10982999no S13680061 Y Disseminert sklerose
NorwegianICPC Norwegian N86 L1273484no S1515430 Y MULTIPPEL SKLEROSE
PolishMedical Subject Headings Polish D009103 L9706331preferred S12166702 Y Stwardnienie rozsiane
PolishMedical Subject Headings Polish D009103 L9685258no S12166712 Y Stwardnienie wieloogniskowe
PortugueseMedical Subject Headings Portuguese D009103 L3305343preferred S3833519 Y Esclerose Múltipla
PortugueseICPC Portuguese N86 L1251426no S1493372 Y Esclerose multipla
PortugueseMedical Subject Headings Portuguese D009103 L3305339no S3833511 Y Esclerose Disseminada
PortugueseMedical Subject Headings Portuguese D009103 L3314758no S3845290 Y MS (Esclerose Múltipla)
PortugueseMedDRA Portuguese 10013451 L4886131no S5573636 Y Esclerose disseminada
PortugueseMedDRA Portuguese 10028245 L4886138no S5573646 N Esclerose múltipla
PortugueseMedDRA Portuguese 10028053 L4886138no S5573646 N Esclerose múltipla
PortugueseMedDRA Portuguese 10039720 L4886138no S5573646 N Esclerose múltipla
PortugueseMedDRA Portuguese 10028245 L4886138no S5573646 Y Esclerose múltipla
RussianMedical Subject Headings Russian D009103 L3369480preferred S3896972 Y СКЛЕРОЗ РАССЕЯННЫЙ
RussianMedical Subject Headings Russian D009103 L0904621no S1108438 Y SKLEROZ RASSEIANNYI
RussianMedical Subject Headings Russian D009103 L1542637no S1838546 Y SKLEROZ MNOZHESTVENNYI
RussianMedical Subject Headings Russian D009103 L3369476no S3896968 Y СКЛЕРОЗ МНОЖЕСТВЕННЫЙ
Serbo-CroatianMedical Subject Headings Croatian D009103 L9129394preferred S11386695 Y MULTIPLA SKLEROZA
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 24700007 L4145601preferred S4829071 N esclerosis múltiple generalizada
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 192928003 L4145601preferred S4829071 Y esclerosis múltiple generalizada
SpanishICPC Spanish N86 L1251427no S1493373 Y Esclerosis multiple
SpanishMedDRA Spanish 10013451 L2698656no S3172715 Y Esclerosis diseminada
SpanishMedical Subject Headings Spanish D009103 L3392739no S3920379 Y Esclerosis Diseminada
SpanishMedical Subject Headings Spanish D009103 L3392743no S3920391 Y Esclerosis Múltiple
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 24700007 L4145534no S4829004 Y esclerosis en placas
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 24700007 L4145591no S4829080 Y esclerosis múltiple
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 24700007 L4145592no S4829061 Y esclerosis múltiple (trastorno)
SpanishSNOMED Clinical Terms, Spanish 192928003 L4145602no S4829070 Y esclerosis múltiple generalizada (trastorno)
SpanishMedDRA Spanish 10028053 L4926874no S5614379 Y EM (Eslerosis múltiple)
SpanishMedDRA Spanish 10039720 L4928760no S5616267 N Esclerosis múltiple
SpanishMedDRA Spanish 10028245 L4928760no S5616267 N Esclerosis múltiple
SpanishMedDRA Spanish 10028245 L4928760no S5616267 Y Esclerosis múltiple
SpanishMedical Subject Headings Spanish D009103 L5720698no S6553737 Y EM (Esclerosis Múltiple)
SwedishMedical Subject Headings Swedish D009103 L3430324preferred S3958096 Y Multipel skleros
SwedishICPC Swedish N86 L1273483no S1515429 Y MULTIPPEL SKLEROS/MS
Medical Subject Headings An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
(CPTSP) CRISP Thesaurus chronic disease characterized by presence of numerous areas of demyelination in the central nervous system with symptoms such as weakness, incoordination, paresthesis, and speech disturbances; the etiology is unknown.
Medical Subject Headings Czech Chronické onemocnění CNS charakterizované demyelinizací. Postihuje osoby spíše mladšího a středního věku. Příčina onemocnění není známa, k teoriím patří účast neznámého viru a autoimunitní poškození, existuje asociace s některými antigeny HLA systému. Příznaky r. s. závisejí na poškozeném místě v nervové soustavě a mohou být velmi pestré - spinální, cerebrální, cerebelární poruchy chůze, citlivosti, řeči, močení, ataxie, obrny aj.. Úvodním příznakem často bývá retrobulbární neuritida zrakového nervu. Mohou být i psychické příznaky např. deprese, ale i euforie. Průběh nemoci je kolísavý, střídají se období klidu s náhlými zhoršeními. Ta jsou často vyprovokována i běžným onemocněním. Těžký průběh nemoci může vést až k invaliditě. V diagnostice se uplatňuje vyšetření likvoru, evokované potenciály, zobrazovací metody. Zkouší se řada léčebných postupů, ale žádný zatím nedokáže nemoc vyléčit. Používají se např. kortikoidy, imunosupresiva, interferon, významná je i fyzioterapie a rehabilitace. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
MEDLINEPLUS

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. It damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body, leading to the symptoms of MS. They can include

  • Visual disturbances
  • Muscle weakness
  • Trouble with coordination and balance
  • Sensations such as numbness, prickling, or "pins and needles"
  • Thinking and memory problems

No one knows what causes MS. It may be an autoimmune disease, which happens when your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Multiple sclerosis affects women more than men. It often begins between the ages of 20 and 40. Usually, the disease is mild, but some people lose the ability to write, speak, or walk.

There is no single test for MS. Doctors use a medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, MRI, and other tests to diagnose it. There is no cure for MS, but medicines may slow it down and help control symptoms. Physical and occupational therapy may also help.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NCI NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms A disorder of the central nervous system marked by weakness, numbness, a loss of muscle coordination, and problems with vision, speech, and bladder control. Multiple sclerosis is thought to be an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system destroys myelin. Myelin is a substance that contains both protein and fat (lipid), serving as a nerve insulator and helping in the transmission of nerve signals.
NCI Thesaurus A progressive autoimmune disorder affecting the central nervous system resulting in demyelination. Patients develop physical and cognitive impairments that correspond with the affected nerve fibers.
NCI National Institute of Child Health and Human Development An autoimmune demyelinating disease characterized by a relapsing-remitting or progressive pattern of central nervous system impairment.
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